Solanum Traditio , project.
With the collaboration of Lizet Díaz Machuca, Marco Chevarría, Ronald Romero, Tania Castro, Luis Justino Lizárraga, Daniel Huamán Masi.
  Cusco — Lima — Vienna, 2015

© Ing. Luis Justino Lizárraga.  © Regional Center for Research on Andean Biodiversity,  Cusco.

© Ing. Luis Justino Lizárraga.  © Regional Center for Research on Andean Biodiversity,  Cusco.

Santisteban. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano. Arte latinoamericano y peruano en espacio público.

Solanum Traditio

Collaborative interdisciplinary project proposed by the interdisciplinary performance artist Emilio Santisteban. It is part of the collective and curatorial project 9,000 km. Häppchen,  Vienna,  October 2015.

 

Solanum traditio is a project in collaboration with a multidisciplinary team from Cusco and Lima, in Peru. It takes the potato as the central axis (in testimonial videos, written articles and informative images), as an allegory, or perhaps a metaphor, of implicit issues in global culture in the current globalization process with a critical migratory emphasis.

 

Why (and from what perspective) the potato

The cultivated potato ( Solanum L. Sect Petota ) is an ecofact: nature modified by South American indigenous technologies. The subspecies and varieties of the millennial species Solanum tuberosum ( St stenotomum,  St andigena, St phureja and St chilotanum mainly), are currently sources of genetic enrichment of resources, technical, technological and cultural enrichment of the world. It is a palpable case of globalization of knowledge, knowledge of indigenous cultures in the context of multiculturalism and global interculturality. Its omnipresence in the diet of the five continents is due to the fact that that accumulated knowledge made it the nutritious, resistant, adaptable and versatile tuber that it is.

 

It is a knowledge that produced modifying technologies of a wild plant species millennia before the entry of agriculture to Europe. He has made a great migratory journey. First in a subcontinental migration from the lowlands of what is now Chile and the highlands of what is now Bolivia (domesticated 12,500 and 12,000 years ago) to the central Andes in what is now Peru (diversification into 3,000 varieties 2,200 and 1,300 years ago), and from there to the entire Andean territory due to the work of the Inca Empire (577 years ago). Later, colonialist Europe removed this knowledge, making one of the subspecies created in the Andes migrate to the Canary Islands and Seville: the potato Solanum tuberosum andigena (between 1567 and 1573). But the attempt at adaptation failed (this subspecies became extinct from European territory in the 1840s), and the second and definitive global migration took place by the subspecies Solanum tuberosum chilotanum (and possibly in part neo-tuberosum ). From this last importation, and subsequent genetic improvements thanks to St andigena and the also Andean Solanum tuberosum phureja , all European varieties and those from the rest of the planet emerged.

 

In a world dominated by Globalization 2.0, of tensions between various national centers of power (dominated by business centers of power), of loss of living standards of the middle classes in the old central countries, and of impositions of the transnational financial market, It is remarkable and revealing the fact that in the Cusco region (Peru) there are 3,049 scientifically identified ancestral native varieties, of which only six varieties are subsequent to the arrival of Europeans in America. The ancestral technologies and the ancestral and current feeding practices of the peasant and indigenous communities demonstrate superiority over the dozens of failures through technologies and commercial food practices of Western origin (modern "improved" potatoes usually survive in Peru for only a few decades )[1].

 

What then is the potato

Millennial improvement technologies and practices; half-millennium-old diversification methodologies; approximately 170 years feeding the entire world. The potato is, rather than an ingredient in tasty food dishes, a saving staple in the world; And even before that and precisely because of this, a reason for respect for global migration and people who migrate, and a metaphor for that intercultural solidarity that is necessary to build today in Europe and across the planet.

 

[1] Source: Regional Center for Research on Andean Biodiversity, San Antonio Abad National University, Cusco.

Collaborators:

Lizet Díaz (Lima). Art historian and manager of cultural heritage. Director of  Q'asapi Cultural Association.
Tania Castro (Cusco). Playwright, actress and researcher in ancestral culture, collaborator at Casa de la Cultura de San Blas in Cusco.

Marco Chevarría (Cusco). Lawyer, Unesco researcher on property rights in genetic resources.

Ronald Romero (Cusco). Chef, researcher in ancestral kitchens.

Luis Justino Lizárraga (Cusco). Director and Chief Researcher of the  Regional Center for Research on Andean Biodiversity,  Cusco.

Daniel Huamán Masi (Cusco). Principal Investigator at the  Regional Center for Research on Andean Biodiversity,  Cusco.

Team of researchers from the Regional Center for Research in Andean Biodiversity, Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco.

 

Links:
SOHO in Ottakring

Regional Research Center for Andean Biodiversity

 

Solanum Traditio
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.
Emilio Santisteban. Centro Regional de Investigación en Biodiversidad Andina, Cusco. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano.

Emilio Santisteban , interdisciplinary performance artist. Peru. m.me/emiliosantistebanartista emilio@emiliosantisteban.org  Contact us .

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