Solanum Traditio , project.
With the collaboration of Lizet Díaz Machuca, Marco Chevarría, Ronald Romero, Tania Castro, Luis Justino Lizárraga, Daniel Huamán Masi.
  Cusco — Lima — Vienna, 2015 - 2016

Santisteban. Arte de performance en América Latina y Sudamérica. Arte de acción y performance en Latinoamérica, Sudamérica, Perú, Lima. Arte contemporáneo latinoamericano y peruano. Arte latinoamericano y peruano en espacio público.

In the video: Cayetano Canahuire,  Tania Castro,  Maite Zeisser, Cusco, Peru

UYWAY: THE PRINCIPLE OF MUTUAL PARENTING

 

Definition:

 

Uyway is a Quechua voice that is poorly translated as "My cría" (Uywa = Cría + the suffix and possessive adjective mi) or as the infinitive form of the verb "Criar". [1] However, more than a noun, possessive adjective or a verb, it is a fundamental Andean principle of coexistence with life as a whole. Life nurtures us through its various manifestations and we nurture it in the same way. In this sense, we emphasize, according to this principle, human beings are raised by everything and at the same time we create everything: We raise human beings, living and dead; to the plants, the animals, the heavens, the divine entities, the forces of nature; to what our eyes perceive, as well as to what we do not. For the agricultural people of these mountains, the fact of not seeing, touching or being able to verify or explain the existence of everything that surrounds us, does not prevent it from existing. Máximo Huaracca, farmer leader and musician from the Kamawara community, district  from San Salvador, Department of Cusco, says:

 

We do not know everything, but it exists, we do not touch everything but it is there, not everything speaks, but it speaks…, Sing. Everything is music at last ... Chrrrr! ... Like when the wings of flies sound ... We breed everything. Everything breeds us ... You cannot breed if you do not love what you breed ... Otherwise, a worm enters your corn, the potato rots, or it grows beautiful but it does not feed you, it does not serve you, you get sick faster ... [2]

 

Others derive from this principle, such as the one referred to by José Luis Castro García, a Cusco intellectual, son of a Quechua-speaking mother from the province of Paucartambo, department of Cusco:

 

Nothing that you raise and raise is wasted. Nothing that is related to you is hoarded because you did not create it, it is only up to you to nurture and let yourself be nurtured; enjoy the fact, respect the act of raising each other, avoid making our relationship with each and every one of the beings that come into contact with us sick. If you boot or hoard, you unbalance yourself and everything around you becomes unbalanced. [3]  

 

The principle of the Uyway has generated during its hundreds, and who knows thousands of years of existence, rituals like the T'inkasqa, the earth falls in love before sowing it. Permission is requested; to her and to the spirit of the mountains, to life in its most subtle forms; abundant sustenance is asked of him for the benefit of all creatures. The Uyway principle has generated techniques that are currently used during the cultivation, harvest and processing of potatoes towards other forms such as moraya and chuño, processes in which the potato is dehydrated for its longer duration and better long-term storage. . " Nothing is thrown away, but misery comes to us ... We must save for times when it is missing," explains Máximo Huaraca. The principle of Uyway has generated the deep and meticulous observation of the Andean sky linked to the potato process. Sirius star, for us Willka Wara (Sacred Award) [4] appears over the Andean sky at the beginning of the sowing time and disappears from it when the potato harvest has concluded, the selection, exchange, storage of the best potato seeds of different species, according to the ecological levels in which it has been sown and the dehydration of part of the harvest.

 

Uyway: Thank what was received to raise, thank those who raise us:

 

In the current calendar, August is destined to say "Thanks to the earth", the Pachamama, our Mother Earth. During this month, offerings are prepared in which we include coca leaves, grouped in sets of three or five that we call «k'intu». On each group of leaves we leave our breath, our "Samay", our vital energy. We appreciate what you received and we suggest what we would like to receive. We accompany these leaves with red and white carnations, the first for the land, the second for the mountains; We add selected seeds of coca, quinoa; aromatic herbs; We also feed her processed food that the children of the earth have created from the ingredients that she has so generously offered us. It is a requirement that what we offer you must like us, from chocolates, sweets, cookies, etc. We also put cottons that represent the nines and the rains that we ask for, threads like the rainbow, gold and silver threads, corn that represents the abundance of money, house-shaped candies, couples, cars, to be specific with our wishes. We have to chew it on. The offering is burned, only in front of the eyes of a kanaquq or person in charge of cremating the offering.

 

The time of the Chakarunas: The Bridge Men:

 

It is evident that the force, depth and usefulness of the principle have made it resist many adverse historical processes that could well have extinguished it.  Currently the official state system of education in Peru does not consider the inclusion of original worldviews and techniques as part of its official curricula: "scientific methods and techniques" are understood as those coming from the anthropocentric conception Earth = Resource, typical of the vision mercantilist. Where the professional is considered the one that generates the highest productivity of the resource for its own economic benefit. This situation, added to other more or less deep causes, are being complicit in the erosion of concepts and uses that, apart from their sociocultural value for Peru, in our vision, constitute an alternative option to transcend current ethical and operational problems. food of the world. Some time ago the grandparents announced: This is the time of the bridge men, the Chakarunas who would expand their usefulness to the children of the planet and bring from the world what they harvest from it, for the same purpose. It is time to grow up consciously, to enforce the most sustainable agricultural practices (and of all kinds), those that generate diversity, those that ensure the balanced relationship between man and nature, no matter where they have been gestated. This is our faith.

 

 

Tania Castro Gonzales placeholder image

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[1] I learned this conjugation from my father, my grandmother, I corroborated it with each teacher offering with whom I came into contact in this life, for example: Cayetano Canahuire (life offering of the construction ceremony of the Qeswachaka bridge, recently named World Heritage by UNESCO); Hipólito Peralta Ccama (offerer and regional coordinator of the Intercultural Bilingual Education Program).

 

[2] Interview conducted on June 7, 2015, during a burial offering of the placenta of a nephew on the third day after birth.

 

[3] I did the interview with my father, José Luis Castro, at dawn on June 21, 2015 during a ceremony for the solstice.

 

[4] The data on the star Willka Wara was obtained from the Inka Astronomy book by the Cusco astronomer, ERWIN SALAZAR, Scientific Director of the Cusco Planetarium.

Tania castro

Emilio Santisteban , interdisciplinary performance artist. Peru. m.me/emiliosantistebanartista emilio@emiliosantisteban.org  Contact us .

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